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Soft ticks (Argasidae)
Mites and soft ticks collected directly from wild and domestic birds and their nests were tested for the presence of West Nile virus (WNV). The cattle egret argas, Argas arboreus, was collected from the nests of seven cattle egret colonies. Out of 1,000 A. arboreus pools examined, 16 were positive for WNV based on RT-PCR technique. The positive pools were from four nesting colonies of birds. Out of 37 cattle egret squabs examined, 37.8% had serum-neutralizing antibodies to WNV. WNV RNA was also detected in one out of 15 pools of Rh. turanicus, in one out of 21 pools of Ornythonissus sylviarum, and in one out of 18 pools of Dermanyssus gallinae, while 63 pools of Argas reflexus, 11 of Rh. sanguineus, and 30 of Hyalomma spec. were negative (Mumcuoglu et al. 2005).

References:

Mumcuoglu K.Y., C. Banet-Noach, M. Malkinson, U. Shalom & R.Galun. 2005. Argasid ticks as possible vectors of West Nile virus in Israel. Vector Borne Zoonot. Dis. 5: 65-71.

Additional publications on this subject:

Friedemann, G., Izhaki, I., Leshem, L. & K.Y. Mumcuoglu. 2013. Alternative nest-building behavior of the Long-legged Buzzard (Buteo rufinus) and the Short-toed Eagle (Circaetus gallicus) in the Judean Foothills, and the parasitic and non-parasitic arthropod fauna in their nests. Isr. J. Entomol. 43: 11-19.
Leker, R.R., I. Felsenstein, D. Raveh, S. Klaus and K.Y. Mumcuoglu. 1992. Ornithodorus tholozani bites: A unique clinical picture. J. Amer. Acad. Dermatol. 27:1025 1026.
Rufli, T. & K.Y. Mumcuoglu. 1981. Dermatological Entomology. 18./19. Ixodidae/Hard ticks and Argasidae/Soft ticks (in German). Schweiz. Rundschau Med. 70:362-385.
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Soft tick
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