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Abstract
Co-stimulation-dependent activation of a JNK-kinase in T lymphocytes.
Author: Avraham, A., Jung, S., Samuels, Y., Seger, R., Ben-Neriah, Y.
Source: Eur J Immunol, 28(8), 2320-30, 1998
Abstract: Previously we implicated c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) as an element that is involved in signal integration during co-stimulation of T lymphocytes. This pathway has now been traced to an upper level, comprising MAPKK SEK1/MKK4/JNKK1 which, similarly to JNK, must receive input both from the TCR and CD28. A large portion of this input is probably integrated at the level of the Rho-family protein CDC42 which, here, activates SEK1 and JNK to the level reached by TCR and CD28 stimulation. We have identified another putative SEK/ JNK pathway regulator, PKCtheta, which in contrast to CDC42, activates SEK and JNK maximally only in conjunction with a calcium signal delivered through calcineurin. Signals originating at the TCR and CD28 may travel down the JNK pathway via PKCtheta, calcineurin, CDC42, MEKK1 and SEK1.
PMID:  
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